Q. How do I cite direct quotes in Council of Science Editors (CSE) citation style? Do I need to indicate page numbers?


There are two types of CSE Citation Styles. Citing direct quotes differs in each of these styles:

1. Citation-Name - include an in-text reference to inform your reader which source you are quoting from


Farmers participating in these knowledge networks, Hassanein writes, “challenged the power relations in agricultural knowledge production and distribution by relying on their own and members’ experiential knowledge” (Hassanein 1997, 304).

Similarly, Hayward, Simpson, and Wood (2004:95) describe “a mythologizing of the power of participatory methodologies to accomplish problem solving, emancipation or empowerment.”


2. Citation-Number - there are no specific rules on indicating page numbers or other location information for the source and you can include an in-text reference instead. 


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  • Last Updated Apr 02, 2019
  • Views 2
  • Answered By OIKLS Advisory & Consultation

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